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Orthopaedic Conditions that Affect the Shoulder

Your shoulder is made of ligaments, muscles, tendons that come together in a ball and socket joint. It allows you a wide range of motion and it is also considered the joint that has the most mobility. However, this can be a slightly unstable joint and if you overuse it, there can be injuries that result from it. There are many orthopaedic shoulder conditions that occur where you will need specialist help.

You can also visit the Melbourne shoulder institute if you are experiencing any pain in your shoulder. There are shoulder specialists that will be able to improve your range of motion and quality of life. One of the most common conditions that affect joints is arthritis. This happens when the joints are subjected to wear and tear. This is generally a condition that occurs with age. Some of the common arthritis types that you will come across are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease where the immune system of the body attacks itself resulting in different outcomes and in this condition the shoulder joint can become extremely painful. This is due to the inflammation of synovial membranes around the shoulder joint. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage of the joint to thin and this contributes to greater wear. Bone can come into contact with bone in this condition making it extremely painful.    

There are also shoulder sprains that occur due to overusing or stretching the tendons and muscles in the joint. This can occur due to bag posture or certain bad habits when lifting heavy items. A dislocated shoulder is due to an injury or overuse of the shoulder. There are partial and complete dislocations. Inflammation of the tendon or the rotator cuff is called tendonitis. When you experience this, you will feel a lot of pain and you will not be able to move your arm in certain positions. There are certain occupations that require you to repeat certain arm movements where your arms are raised over the head continuously. This can occur in sports as well. If you are experiencing a stiff shoulder that is in pain, this may be due to a frozen shoulder and this happens when the tissue around the scapular, humerus and collar bone thickens. There will be scar tissue formed around these bones with will lead to the loss of synovial fluid. This is what is used to lubricate the joint.

There are muscles and tendons that keep the shoulder joint stable that are called the rotator cuff. This is what allows you to rotate your arms and lift them up. There is a lot of stress on the shoulder when it comes to those engaged in sports like tennis, swimming, baseball etc. This increases your risk of tearing the rotator cuff. You can also see this happening with normal wear and tear especially when it comes to occupations like working with certain machines or even painting. Sometimes, the rotator cuff can tear partially which means the tendon protecting the shoulder is damaged. There are also complete tears where the entire tendon is affected.